The TopTen OSHA Violations Before Christmas. On the Fifth Day



Santa received a notice of violation(1926.1053) Ladders which is #6 on OSHA’s TopTen violations for 2019.

It’s looking more hopeful at the Northpole as Santa’s team spent the weekend getting all the elves caught up on much-needed training and important upgrades of equipment to fix the first four OSHA violations.  Today we work with ladders.  What?  Ladders?  Seriously? How dangerous can a ladder be?  It’s dangerous enough to become sixth on  OSHA’s TopTen list for killing 150 workers a year and injuring another 20,000.

Maybe because a ladder looks so easy and innocent to use or maybe we learned how to use a ladder incorrectly from our Dads why so many winds up visiting the E.R.  Here again, training is the most critical part of safety and learning how to properly use a ladder is a skill you’ll use pretty much the rest of your life.  Remember as with any training given, always document by having workers sign in and attach copies of the material covered.

  1. Ladder missing rungs, cracked or broken rungs, broken side rails or broken spreaders should never be used and immediately tossed into the trash.
  2. Set up the ladder on a firm flat even surface.  Using a ladder on an incline may only hasten your fall.
  3. Always open a ladder and lock the spreaders in place before using so you have a firm base to work on.
  4. Keep your hands free from holding tools, tool bag or a cup of coffee when using a ladder.  You need both hands to keep your balance and safely ascend/descend the ladder.
  5. Don’t stand on the top cap.  It’s not a step or a place to stand on.  It also makes the ladder less stable and more possible of a fall.
  6. Don’t be lazy.  Get down and move the ladder closer to what you’re working on instead of overreaching which can lead to loss of balance and a fall.
  7. NEVER use a metal ladder when working near or around power lines.

Santa still has some work to do but all the elves and everyone else seem to be responding well to the changes especially since no one wants to see the workshop shut down.  Tuesday: On the Sixth Day.



Home Safety-Shouldn’t have to be an Escape Artist



Houdini was the master of escape as no straight jacket, cell, chain or padlock could keep him trapped for very long.  However, most of us haven’t mastered the skills of Houdini and look and listen as we are made aware before takeoff the location of emergency exits, just in case.  Experts will tell you that you should always have at least two ways out in the event of an evacuation and that includes leaving your home quickly in the event of an emergency like a fire. 


I live in a one-story house so if I’m in the bedroom and have to evacuate the building I have at least four easy ways out of the house.  The front door, a sliding glass back door, garage door, and the bedroom window.  As soon as I am out of the house and headed to the predesignated meeting area, I’m dialing 911 to report the emergency.  The meeting area is critical so you know everyone got out of the house.  It is the same thing companies do when they have to evacuate and may refer to the meeting area as the assembly area.  Either way, you want to do a head count so when the firefighters arrive they know if it’s a search and rescue or just fight the fire.


In a two-story house, escape is a little more challenging.  If you are in a bedroom upstairs to exit the house you would need to come down to the ground floor using a staircase.  Not all homes have a front and back staircase to give you more than one way out so what happens if the stairs or both are blocked by flames?  Then you need to go out of the bedroom window as fast as possible.  That’s why an escape ladder is critical.  They can range in price from $35 to $100 depending on materials and manufacturer ask your insurance agent or local fire department for recommendations. It’s like insurance, you lay the money out to buy it for that peace of mind and hope you never have to use it. 

Don’t wait until an emergency to see if everyone can use the ladder.  It is highly recommended that you practice together at least once a year so everyone who may have to use the escape ladder is familiar and capable with it.  In fact, keep everyone on their toes and have an unannounced drill.  Whoever makes it to the meeting area gets pizza.  Also don’t forget to include plans to get the very young, disabled, the elderly, and pets out as fast and safely as possible.  

The best way to avoid having to evacuate in the first place is to practice good fire prevention practices in and around the home and then you won’t have to do a Houdini and escape.  If you have questions about fire safety or other safety issues in the home or workplace check out our blog archives for more articles or feel free contact us, we’re here to help.



Ladder Safety and The Ups and Downs

Mike Willis

Mike Willis

“The ladder of success must be set upon something solid before you can start to climb”Voltaire

Even though he wasn’t specifically speaking about a ladder, Voltaire makes an outstanding observation when it comes to the proper use of a ladder.  As you weekend warriors begin to tackle those necessary fall tasks around the house remember that on a yearly average, 187,000 people will be injured and then treated in a hospital after serious run ins with their ladders.  A whopping 97% occur at homes, farms and other non-occupational settings.  It looks innocent enough, standing there but like any other piece of equipment, if not inspected and handled properly you too can be rewarded by spending the weekend in emergency.


DO Before you use it, inspect the ladder and make sure it is in operational shape.  Wooden ladders have a tendency to break down over the years and all types of rungs can become unstable and a hazard.  After you examine the ladder, If there are any flaws and/or you have any doubts, throw it out!  Buy a new one and go metal this time unless you do electrical work then wood or fiberglass is the way to go.                                                                                                                                                               DON”T – use the last words:  I can use it one more time.  As sure as lighting a cigarette brings the bus or mentioning any kind of streak ends it, this line will get you firmly planted on your butt and possibly E.R.

DO – When ever using a ladder around the house or at work it’s always a good policy to work in pairs.  It doesn’t hurt to have someone there to help stabilize the ladder and get tools as well as serve as a spotter if something were to happen.  Always climb using both hands and hoist needed tools if they prevent you from using both hands.                                                                                                                        DON’TDo It Alone.  If you fall and there is no one there to hear it, it still hurts and bones break.

DO – As Voltaire says, make sure to use a ladder on a firm evenly level base that is dry and clear of debris.  The ladder should be stationary without any wobble, tilting or any chance of the ladder slipping.  You want to be able to stand safely on the ladder while completing tasks.                        DON’T do a balancing act on the ladder and use on un-level ground or not on firm footing unless you intend to practice to perform in the circus or sideshow.  Set yourself up for success, NOT E.R.


DO – Use the appropriate size ladder for the job at hand with the correct weight limit.  You want to be able to comfortably reach the area you’re working on and keep the ladder in the proper balanced position.                                                                                                                                                          DON’T – Over extend yourself or stand on the very top rung and put yourself in a position of falling.  You are not auditioning for a sit-com and you don’t have a stunt double.

For fixed ladders, any ladder permanently attached to a structure, make sure to have a training program in place before allowing individuals to use it.  I strongly suggest you do the same if you have man-lifts in your facility as these can be extremely dangerous for those not familiar with their use.    Don’t use a ladder for anything other than a ladder and as with any piece of equipment, treat it with respect, use properly, take the necessary precautions and you’ll get to spend more time with the family and loved ones.